Prevalence of 3.7 and 4.2 deletions in Sudanese patients with red cells hypochromia and microcytosis

  • Published: February 10, 2020
  • Journal:BMC Research Notes
  • Authors:Hussam Ali Osman1*, Muzamil Mahdi Abdel Hamid2, Rahimah Binti Ahmad3, Mohamed Saleem4 and Sana Altahir Abdallah5

Abstract

Objective: Alpha-thalassemia is a genetic disorder characterized by deletions of one or more α globin genes that result in deficient of α globin chains reducing haemoglobin concentration. The study aimed to screen 97 patients with microcytosis and hypochromasia for the 3.7 and 4.2 alpha thalassemia deletion mutations. Results: Out of 97 patients screened, only 7 were carriers for the 3.7 deletion and all patients were negative for the 4.2 deletion. The 3.7 deletion was found in Foor, Hawsa and Rezagat Sudanese tribes. In the carriers of the 3.7 deletion, Red Blood Cells and Haematocrit were significantly increased. The Red Blood Cells were 7.23±0.78×1012/L in adult males and 7.21±0.67×1012/L in adult females while in children were 5.07±0.87×1012/L. The mean cell volume and mean cell haemoglobin were significantly decreased, but the mean cell haemoglobin concentration slightly decreased. Haemoglobin levels didn’t revealed statistically significant decrease in adult males (11.7±0.57 g/dL) and adult females (11.25±0.64 g/dL), while in children were (11.6±2.95 g/dL). Haemoglobin electrophoresis revealed two patients of the 3.7 and 4.2 negative were carriers for β-thalassemia. The study concluded that α3.7 deletion has frequency of 0.07 in Sudanese with hypochromasia and microcytosis. Keywords: Alpha thalassemia, Multiplex Gap-PCR, Heterozygous/carriers, Deletion mutations